# Physics

1. The IUT pre-university curriculum in Physics includes all of the high-school physics courses and some basic university physics courses.

2. The pre-university courses in physics intend to help students well prepare to learn and understand university physics at IUT.

3. There are three kinds of curriculum according to the level of courses: Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced Level.

4. The scope of each level is described as in the following.

Basic Level

– The basic level is an introduction to physical worlds for high school students who have learned the physics subject for less than 1 year or even haven’t learned physics at all.

– This level provides basic concept on physical phenomena with only a little mathematical treatment.

 № Subject Contents 1 Measurement Measuring things, Standards and units, International system of units 2 Straight line motion 1 Position and speed, Motion with constant velocity 3 Straight line motion 2 Acceleration, Motion with constant acceleration, Freely-falling bodies 4 Newton’s laws of motion 1 Newton’s first law, Force, Newton’s second law, Mass and weight 5 Newton’s laws of motion 2 Newton’s third law, Applying Newton’s laws in straight line motion 6 Work and Energy 1 Work, Work done by the gravitational force and a spring force 7 Work and Energy 2 Kinetic energy, Work-energy theorem, Power 8 Momentum and Impulse Linear momentum, Collision and impulse, Momentum-impulse theorem 9 Conservation of momentum Conservation of momentum in collision along a straight line 10 Periodic motion Describing oscillation, Simple harmonic motion, Energy in simple harmonic motion 11 Temperature and Heat Measuring temperature, Kelvin scale, Quantity of heat, Heat and energy 12 Thermal expansion and Heat transfer Thermal expansion, Heat transfer (Conduction, Convection, Radiation) 13 Midterm examination 14 Electric charge and Coulomb’s law Electric charge, Conductors and insulators, Electric force and Coulomb’s law 15 Electric field Electric field by a point charge, Electric field lines 16 Ohm’s law Electric current, Voltage, Resistance, Ohm’s law 17 Electric circuit 1 Resistors in series and parallel, Single-loop circuit 18 Electric circuit 2 Multi-loop circuits, Kirchhoff’s rules, Energy and power in electric circuits 19 Capacitor 1 Parallel-plate capacitor, Capacitance, Capacitors in series and parallel 20 Capacitor 2 Electric-field energy, Energy storage in capacitors, Dielectrics 21 Waves Periodic waves, Wavelength and frequency, Types of waves 22 Propagation of light 1 Electromagnetic wave spectrum and light, Reflection and refraction, Index of refraction, Snell’s law 23 Propagation of light 2 Total internal refraction, polarization 24 Geometric optics 1 Two types of images, Plane mirrors, Spherical mirrors 25 Geometric optics 2 Thin lenses, Optical instruments (eye, camera, magnifier) 26 Term-end examination

Intermediate

– The purpose of the intermediate level is to help students develop and understand the physical world at a deep and fundamental level.

– This level is appropriate for those high school students who have learned the physics subject for about 1 year and equipped themselves with some mathematical skills.

 № Subject Contents 1 Vector quantities Vectors and scalars, Components of vectors, Products of vectors 2 Motion in two or three dimensions Displacement, velocity, and acceleration vectors in a plane, Relative velocity 3 Projectile and Circular motion Projectile motion, Uniform circular motion 4 Newton’s laws of motion Applying Newton’s laws of motion in two dimensions 5 Friction and Centripetal force Properties of friction, Drag force and terminal speed, Circular motion and centripetal force 6 Conservation of energy Work and potential energy, Conservation of mechanical energy 7 Momentum and Collision 1 Momentum and kinetic energy in collision, Elastic and inelastic collision 8 Momentum and Collision 2 Collision and momentum conservation in two-dimensions 9 Gravitation 1 Newton’s law of gravitation, Gravitation near Earth’s surface 10 Gravitation 2 Gravitational potential energy, Kepler’s laws and motion of planets 11 First law of thermodynamics Thermodynamic systems, Heat, work, and internal energy in thermodynamic systems, The first law of thermodynamics 12 Thermodymic processes Kinds of thermodynamic processes, Some special cases of the first low of thermodynamics 13 Mid-term examination 14 Electric field and Potential Electric field by electric charges, Electric potential and Emf, Dielectrics and conductors 15 RC circuit Electric circuits with resistors and capacitors, The RC circuit 16 Magnetic field Magnetic field, Motion of charged particles in a magnetic field 17 Magnetic field and Current 1 Magnetic field of a moving charge and current, Law of Biot and Savart 18 Magnetic field and Current 2 Ampere’s law, Force between parallel currents, Magnetic field in solenoids and toroids 19 Electromagnetic induction Faraday’s law of induction, Lenz’s law, Induced electric field 20 Transverse waves Mathematical description of waves, Principle of superposition, interference of waves, standing waves 21 Longitudinal waves and Sound Sound waves, Musical sound, Interference and beat, Decibel level, Doppler effect 22 Interference of light Light as a wave, Young’s double-slit experiment, Interference in thin films, Michelson interferometer 23 Diffraction of light Huygens’s principle, Diffraction by a slit, Diffraction grating and a spectrometer 24 Particle nature of light Blackbody radiation, Photoelectric effect, Compton’s experiment 25 Light quanta and Matter waves The duality of light, Light as a probability wave, Electrons and matter waves, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle 26 Term-end examination

– The advanced level includes some topics in the university physics along with advanced topics in high school physics.

– This level is appropriate for those high school students who have learned the physics subject for about 2 years and have good ability of mathematical skills.

 № Subject Contents 1 Conservation of energy Conservative forces and path independence, Conservation of mechanical energy and total energy 2 Momentum and Collision Center of mass, Momentum of a system of particles, Momentum conservation in rocket propulsion 3 Gravitation Motion of Satellites, Escape velocity, Black holes 4 Rotational motion Rigid body, Angular velocity and acceleration, Moment of inertia 5 Rotational motion and Angular momentum Kinetic energy of rotation, Torque, angular momentum, Conservation of angular momentum 6 Equilibrium and Elasticity Equilibrium, Conditions for equilibrium, Elasticity, Stress and strain 7 Fluid mechanics 1 Density and pressure in a fluid, Pascal’s principle 8 Fluid mechanics 2 Buoyancy, Fluid flow and Bernoulli’s equation 9 Simple harmonic motion Simple harmonic motion in a simple pendulum, The physical pendulum 10 Kinetic theory of ideal gases Equation of state, Kinetic energy of ideal gases, Distribution of moelcular speeds, Degree of freedom 11 Second law of thermodynamics Irreversible processes and entropy, Change in entropy, The second law of thermodynamics 12 Heat engines Heat engines and refrigerators, Efficiency of real engines, The Carnot cycle 13 Mid-term examination 14 Gauss’ law and electric field 1 Flux of electric field, Gauss’ law, Gauss’ law and Coulomb’s law 15 Gauss’ law and electric field 2 Application of Gauss’ law in symmetric systems, Gauss’ law in capacitors 16 Inductors and Inductance Self-inductance and inductors, Magnetic-field energy in inductors, Mutual inductance 17 RL circuit Electric circuit with resistors and inductors, The RL circuit 18 Alternating current Alternating current, RLC series circuit, Reactance and impedance 19 Power in AC circuits and Transformers Power in AC circuits, Transformers, Electric power transmission 20 Maxwell’s equation and Electromagnetic waves Gauss’s law for magnetic field, Displacement current, Maxwell’s equations, Electromagnetic waves and speed of light 21 Relativity 1 Einstein’s postulates, Special theory of relativity, The relativity of simultaneity, time, and lentgth 22 Relativity 2 Relativistic momentum and kinetic energy, The general theory of relativity 23 The model of an atom Rutherford’s model of an atom, Hydrogen spectrum, The Bohr model of Hydrogen 24 Nuclear physics Nucleon, Isotope, Radioactivity, Radioactive decay, Half-life, Nuclear reaction, Nuclear fission and fusion 25 Fundamental particles and Cosmology Leptons and hadrons, The Quark model, The basic forces, The big bang and cosmic background radiation, Dark matter 26 Term-end examination